In connection with getting our skin glowing, what is in our daily personal care products are becoming more and more important yet we shouldn’t risk our health to feel beautiful. Why should anyone be concerned of endocrine disruptors or hormone disrupting chemicals in their products used daily?

We discussed why hormone disruptors are bad and is it possible to decrease endocrine disrupting chemicals in our body in our previous articles.

Our infographic gives the detailed background of endocrine disruptors based on information gathered from scientific studies and sources. These endocrine disrupting chemicals such as parabens, triclosan, heavy metals, phthalates, benzophenone have estrogenic characteristics, that can affect our skin and body’s immune response.

We would like to also clarify that this infographic has been prepared based on scientific facts and publications, which we freely share it below our infographic.

Please feel free to share this infographic with your loved ones using the embed code below.

hormone disruptors affect women

*Only a number of the scientific references were listed above due to space restrictions and more references are available on request.


Scientific publications and sources used in this infographic.

The disease costs of EDC exposure are much higher in the USA ($340 billion) than in Europe  ($217 billion) contributing disease and chemical disruption to endocrine and immune systems. Scientific publication: Exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals in the USA: a population-based disease burden and cost analysis. Attina TM, Hauser R, Sathyanarayana S, Hunt PA, Bourguignon JP, Myers JP, DiGangi J, Zoeller RT, Trasande L. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2016 Dec;4(12):996-1003. doi: 10.1016/S2213-8587(16)30275-3. Epub 2016 Oct 17.

Scientific source for endocrine disrupting chemicals:  https://www.niehs.nih.gov/health/topics/agents/endocrine/

Certain pesticides have been lined to endocrine disruption and obesity. Scientific reference: Obesogens: an emerging threat to public health. Janesick AS, Blumberg B. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2016 May;214(5):559-65. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2016.01.182. Epub 2016 Jan 29. Review.

Phthalates. Scientific reference: Exposure to endocrine disruptors during adulthood: consequences for female fertility. Rattan S, Zhou C, Chiang C, Mahalingam S, Brehm E, Flaws J.J Endocrinol. 2017 Mar 29. pii: JOE-17-0023. doi: 10.1530/JOE-17-0023.

Reference for BPA:  http://www.ewg.org/bpa/

Estrogenic effect of parabens. Scientific reference: Parabens: potential impact of low-affinity estrogen receptor binding chemicals on human health.Karpuzoglu E, Holladay SD, Gogal RM Jr. J Toxicol Environ Health B Crit Rev. 2013;16(5):321-35. doi: 10.1080/10937404.2013.809252. Review.

Heavy Metals such as aluminum, arsenic, chromium, lead and mercury are also potential EDCs. Heavy metals are prohibited in any cosmetic product in the EU and testing for these chemicals is required. Scientific publication: Metals and female reproductive toxicity.Sengupta P, Banerjee R, Nath S, Das S, Banerjee S.Hum Exp Toxicol. 2015 Jul;34(7):679-97. doi: 10.1177/0960327114559611. Epub 2014 Nov 25. Review.

More publications are available on pubmed.com, a non-biased website where all peer-reviewed scientific publications are published and shared by NIH.


Dr. Ebru Karpuzoglu MSc., PhD.

Chief Scientific Officer


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